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                       The History of the BITTENCOURTS

       Conceived by Marcelo Henrique Meyer Andrade and elaborated by Ricardo Henrique Andrade

Writing this introductory text was made ​​by Ricardo Andrade, based on documents, research, information and memories that came flooding into his mind. - Revised May 2001

                         As they say in the Azores - Rich has history!


                                  Jean de Bethencourt

   Coats of Arms

All the different ways of spelling "Bettencourt" ie Bitancor, Bittencourt, Batencur, etc.. Have the same original stock "Bettencourt."

The changes in spelling are due to spelling errors that occurred through the ages by those who recorded the births. (Note1)

The Bettancourts are of noble birth and the name comes from Norman Castle located in Normandy Betancourt (Note 2)

The Lord of Buttecourt, Buthencourt or Bethencourt is generally regarded as the oldest of Bettencourts. He accompanied William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, the invasion of England in 1066.

In 1404 the Norman knight Jean de Bethencourt received from the king of Castile, Henry III, the right to conquer the Canary Islands.

The Bettancourts who emigrated from Normandy, settled initially in the Canary Islands, Madeira and the Azores (Note3) and only later in the Iberian peninsula.

Maria Athayde is the oldest Bittencourt Bittencourt ancestor of our family who have information, because she left a detailed will, which enabled us to have access to various information of the origin of the family. (Nota4)

Maria Athayde was born in 1859 in the island in the Azores archipelago. Bittencourt was half from the father Bitencourt Francisco Torres married Anna Candida Victoriana. He died in São Paulo, 67 years old, on March 19, 1926.

She was married to his first wife Manoel Bittencourt Vieira, also pedigree Bittencourt, and remarriage with the Commander Lt. Col. Norberto Jorge Antunes who had no children. The first marriage he had several children (Note 5) and including:

Anna Izabel Camargo Bittencourt married to Jose Antonio Camacho. Both ended up dying very early, at age 27 she and he, a year later with 32, leaving two orphaned girls, Anna and Nair Cacilda nine with five years of age. Maria Athayde took two granddaughters and educated at a boarding school for nuns in Itu, in the State of Sao Paulo, where they stayed until they finish their studies. Leaving school, went to live in Sao Paulo with her grandmother and aunts, until they get married.

Anna Cacilda Bittencourt de Camargo, affectionately called by everyone "Baby," was born in Sao Paulo on July 21, 1897. At age 26, on January 25, 1924, married Joe Justin and Anna went on to sign Cacilda Justin Camacho.

Anna Cacilda died on July 13, 1989, days before turning 92 years old

Anna and Joseph Cacilda Justin had the following seven children: Anna Theresa, Joseph Aniônio, Pedro Alcantara, Brasilina, Maria Isabel, Joachim and Gema.

Bittencourt Nair de Camargo was born in Sao Paulo on September 27, 1900. After completing 21 years of age, on September 27, 1921, married Henry Andrade Filho and went on to sign Nair de Camargo Andrade. It was the youth considered a rare kind of beauty (very light skin, black hair and green eyes). Nair died at the age of 75, on April 3, 1976.

Nair and Henry Andrade had the following three children: Charles Henry, Mary and Lucy Ricardo Henry.

Note1 - Dr. Jorge Forjaz, genealogist and historian in the Azores, which explains all the different ways of spelling "Bettencourt" contained in parish registers of Catholic churches in the Azores, have the same original stock "Bettencourt", ie Bitancor, Bittencourt, Batencur, etc.. are in fact "Bettencourt" explaining that changes in spelling of the original "Bettencourt" were the result of spelling errors committed by the priests at the time of registering births.

Note 2 - Normandy, now part of France, is one of the historic regions of Europe. Its name comes from invading tribes, Celts and Vikings also called Nordmann. In the year 912 became part of the kingdom of Neustria. In 1431 was the scene of the immolation of Joan of Arc burned alive in public. In 1944 he played a key role in the Allied landings on its beaches achieved by starting the liberation of France from German occupation and the beginning of the end of World War II. With a traditional gray weather, it is said that the only blue you see in the region is the eye of the Normans.

Note 3 - The Azores, Portuguese autonomous territory is situated in the Atlantic Ocean, nearly 2000 km west of Portugal. It was discovered in 1427 by Portuguese, but only started receiving the first inhabitants effective in 1486. During the sixteenth century suffered attacks and raids by corsairs and pirates. Of volcanic origin, with much natural beauty, consists of nine islands: Santa Maria, Sao Miguel, Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores and Corvo.

Note 4 - The will begins on the following terms: "In the name of the Trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, that I, Maria de Athayde Bittencourt, firmly believe and whose faith in protest to live and die, this is my will and last will and before you finish making a request: "I want to celebrate fifty masses for my soul." The will is dated April 2, 1913.

Note 5 - Maria de Athayde Vieira and Manoel Bittencourt Bittencourt Bittencourt both descent, had the following seven children, all with double descent Bittencourt Bittencourt Anna Izabel Camargo Aniônio married to Joseph Campbell, Vieira Martins Zulmira married Manuel Vieira Martins, Maria Glory Bittencourt Magellan married José Vieira Couto de Magalhães, Altina Carmo Bittencourt, single, Manoel Bittencourt Vieira Junior, single, married Anthony Vieira Zica Smith Bittencourt Bittencourt Bittencourt Aristotelina Sanches (Nene) married Arthur Sanches.